The Landsape of Guyana

TravelGuyana wishes to invite you to this beautiful country we Guyanese call home. This pristine country has an area of 214,970 km2 (83,000) of land. This can be divided and varied into four ecological zones. These are namely the Low Coastal Plain, the Highland region, the sand belt and the interior savannahs.

The coast is a low, narrow strip or plain, ranging about 25 km wide, obliquely opposite the Atlantic Ocean and occupies about 5 per cent of the country’s area. The coast is said to be below sea level, and this strip of land is dissected by 16 estuaries of the major rivers (Essequibo, Demerara and Berbice), small creeks and canals that is used for drainage and irrigation. Yet most of the Guyanese population and economic activities such as agriculture, government administration, commercial businesses and industries is found here as well.

Travel to Guyana and explore a region called the sand belt or the sandy rolling lands or the white sands area. This area is located south of the coastal plain and has an area of 150 to 250 km wide and occupies at least 25 per cent of the country. Though this area is not really suitable for agriculture activities, it is rich in valuable timber and bauxite mines. The highland region of Guyana houses the country’s four main mountain ranges – Acarai, Imataka, Kanuku and Pakaraima – are all located in the in the ‘Guiana Highlands’ where most of Guyana’s richest resources such as gold and diamond.

Rainfall collection in streams feeds numerous rivers, which flows in either north or easterly directions towards the coast and Atlantic Ocean. Travel Guyana and experience our luxuriant jungle which is caused by heavy rainfall and the constant heat from the sun.  You can explore the famous interior savannahs where most of touristic activities come to life. This are comprises of 11,655 km2 (4,500 square miles) or 5.5 per cent of Guyana. This is area is made up of dry rolling grass lands and clumps of trees and several small villages. Rain fall in this area is moderate, with the raining seasons beginning at the end of April to the end of September swelling many small creeks causing no one to get in or out. The dry seasons are from October to April and this is when the lands become pretty dry.